Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Importance of Being Earnest Play/Film Comparitive Essay

The Importance of Being Earnest Play/Film Comparative Essay Oliver Parker’s (2002) film adaptation of Oscar Wilde’s play ‘The Importance of Being Earnest’ is sadly completely consumed by the romantic comedy style, masking Wilde’s key concerns and detracting from important comic elements of the play. This can be observed through the varying representations of characters, the film’s lack of contextual jokes, the more prominent sub-plot between Dr Chasuble and Miss Prism, the addition of music and the way in which dialogue, while remaining true to the play, has lost meaning in the film. In the play, Wilde achieves most of his humour through the wonderfully satiric characters, however in the film Parker represents them as being far more†¦show more content†¦In the present context many of Wilde’s contextual jokes in the play may not be as humorous in the present context, thus it is understandable why Parker has placed more emphasis on the farcical jokes, which would appeal to a wider audience. When Wilde wrote the play it was at a time when literature was becoming more widely available for all citizens, wealthy or poor. This gave Wilde room to write as he did, making a mockery of the upper class, as the lower class would enjoy it. However that was over a century ago, and in the modern context people may not find this as relevant or quite as amusing. However, the farcical elements of the play, such as the plot, are the kind of jokes that can be understood in either context. Therefore, Parker has not focused on the contextual jokes, and instead on the fa rcical jokes. It is the farce nature of the plot that Parker has constructed his romantic comedy around. While this enables the film to be appreciated by a wider audience, it no longer embodies Wilde’s criticisms of the upper class, which was the crux of Wilde’s play. However, Parker not only stops at one overembellished farcical plot, but he does the same with an extended sub-plot. In Parker’s film adaptation, his emphasis of the sub-plot between Dr. Chasuble and Miss Prism, while becoming more entertaining, further detracts from Wilde’s concerns and only serves to strengthen the film as a romantic comedy. In Wilde’s play, Chasuble and Prism’s

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Smoking Speech Free Essays

Hi, the topic that I have chosen for my speech is â€Å"that smoking causes death† well that’s a pretty boring topic right . I’m going to be talking about the main effects, how many people die each year things like that. So do you want to die before reaching the age of 30? 1. We will write a custom essay sample on Smoking Speech or any similar topic only for you Order Now Smoking has a massive effect on health; smoking causes around 5000 deaths in New Zealand each year. 1. 3 billion people smoke around the world. Smoking causes 1 in 4 cancer deaths in New Zealand including cancers in the lung, mouth and throat which is where the smokes goes. When you breathe smoke, the smoke goes into your lungs and stars putting black tar into your lungs. This means it is harder to breath and your heart has to pump harder to get the oxygen around your body. That is bad for your heart. 2. Smoking is so dangerous why don’t people stop? Stopping is more difficult than starting. Nicotine is addictive this means that the nicotine in the cigarettes makes you want more and more and you can’t stop you keep wanting cigarettes. So you keep on buying more smokes and waste a lot of money. Even people who don’t smoke may be killed by other people’s smoking. Around 350 New Zealanders are killed each year because of second hand smoking. 3. Everyday in Britain about 450 children start smoking, 1 in 4 who turn into regular smokers by the age of 15. Would you want your child to become addicted to smoking? Cigarettes smoke contains over 4,800 chemicals and 69 are known to cause cancer. Why is smoking so harmful? 1. Nicotine: is a highly addictive drug, which stimulates the nervous system. 2. Tar: is a Sticky substance contains many toxic chemicals and causes cancer. The number of smoke related deaths is also equivalent to a jumbo jet crashing everyday of the year! That is about 330 people each day, 120 thousand people every year. In 1994 over 1154 million cigarettes were smoked by 11 to 15 year olds. 30% of all cancer deaths are because of smoking. In conclusion I think that smoking does cause death and I hope you agreed with me. So be wise and don’t chose to walk the smokers path, thank you for listening and hoped you enjoyed my speech. How to cite Smoking Speech, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Virtual Marketing

Question: Discuss about the Virtual Marketing Technique. Answer: Introduction: Virtual marketing is a new technique that many organizations are applying in order to introduce innovation the marketing strategies of the organizations (Barnes, 2016, p.11). Marketing is the one of the most fundamental duties of the organization. Implementation of appropriate marketing strategies can bring about desired results in the profit margin of an organization. Virtual marketing includes the practice of social networking devices and other technological advancements to achieve the virtual marketing objectives of the organization. Virtual marketing strategies are the result of the implementation of change management strategies inside the organization. Marketing strategies of the organization change according to the changing needs of the market, i.e. customers in the industry (Griffin et al. 2017, p.25). In this assignment, the impact of virtual marketing in the business development of the organization will be discussed an evaluated. Tesco is a leading general merchandise retail er. It has stores in the several countries of Asia and Europe. The organization has adopted virtual marketing strategies for their stores. Objective: Determination of objectives is important to perform any kind of activities. In this part of this assignment, selection of appropriate research objectives is significant to bring about desired outcome from this research assignment (Denham, 2016, p.41). Researcher needs to explore several avenues of business development in order to understand the implication of virtual marketing in the business development process of the organization. To develop un understanding on the changing needs of the customers with the passing of time To perceive the impact of virtual marketing strategies in the future development of the organization To evaluate the impact of virtual marking strategies in the development of overall industry Virtual Stores: The second largest market of Tesco outside United Kingdom lies in Asia, especially in South Korea. Tesco has launched their virtual stores in Seoul ( 2017). South Koreans are used to spend longest working hours. They have lesser time than others to go the traditional grocery stores to purchase products of their daily requirements. By identifying their daily needs, Tesco introduced their virtual shop concepts in the market of South Korea. Though the virtual marketing strategies prove their potentialities in the development of the organization, this study will specifically focus of the virtual stores of Tesco in South Korea. Tesco declared the decision regarding their virtual store investment in South Korea in 1999. They tied up with Samsung in order to use their mobile technologies in the virtual marketing strategies of the organization ( 2017). They introduced the use of Home plus app to implement the virtual marketing strategies of the organization in South Korea. They connected to the delivery services of the services associated with Home plus app. In 2011, Tesco introduced their first virtual store in Seoul, South Korea. Virtual stores are established in the public places like, bus stands, subways, the places which are frequently visited by the daily consumers in daily basis. Tesco used to maintain popular grocery stores in the several places of United Kingdom and other countries. Customers are accustomed with the quality of their products and services. Virtual marketing strategies of the organization may attract their additional attention towards the products and services of the organization (Wu et al. 2017, p.459). Interested customers need to download a Home plus App in their mobile phones. Customer needs to enter into the Virtual stores of the organization and use their mobile phones to scan the QR codes of the products. In the virtual stores, there are no actual products that are displayed; the posters of the actual products are designed according to the patterns of the product and shelf structure of the Tesco grocery stores. Organizations kept the look of the virtual store same as the looks of the grocery stores of the organization to make it more acceptable to the customers of the organization. The products scanned by the customers are stored in the basket of online server of the organization (Murahari and Joshi, 2016, p.21). After the payment has been made by the customers, Home plus app send a notification regarding the delivery of the products. According to delivery norms of the organization, the products are delivered to the required address within scheduled time. According to the sales performances of the Tesco, the virtual marketing strategies of the organization have been proved to be a huge success. As per the recent research data, almost the instances of 900,000 app downloads has noticed over year in South Korea. The online sales percentage of Tesco has been increased to 130 percent, after the introduction of virtual stores and relevant apps. The number of registered app users increased by 76 percent in South Korea. Organization should keep modifying their virtual marketing strategies to access further success in this regard. Relationship between the Consumers and Virtual Technology: The management of Tesco should realize the needs and requirements of the concerned customers they are serving in order to fulfill the objectives of the regarding their virtual marketing strategies. South Korea is a country having around 50 million of people. They are counted as he 12th largest economy of the world and 4th largest economy of Asia. Organization needs to understand the use of virtual technologies in the virtual marketing strategies of the organization (Verhoef et al. 2017, p.19). In these days, the shopping activities of the customers usually involve the use of technological advancements. Use of virtual technology gives the consumers a sense of physical presence in the stores they are planning to shop from. Customers want to be present in the shop before their desired products in the time of shopping. Though, their hectic schedules in life do not permit them to spend a quality time in their shopping practices. Virtual marketing strategies of the organization provide the m the opportunity to spend a reasonable amount of time to serve the purpose and criteria of their shopping (Kim et al. 2017, p.26). The behavioral concept lies behind the virtual technology is the satisfaction the customers gain being physically present in the time of their shopping. I-It Relations- Instrumental Relations between consumers and Virtual Technology in Shopping Activities: Researcher explores the previous topics on the relation between the consumers and virtual technology in order to relevant understanding on the research objectives of this assignment. In order to understand the mentioned relation, researcher needs to study the related topics, like- Development of Virtual environment in the industry Development of Virtual object in the industry Personalization of Virtual technologies Sensorial Enrichment Spatial Interaction Books and studies regarding the Development of Virtual environment in the industry helps the researcher to understand the concept of 2D and 3D technological advancements in the shopping practices of the customers in the concerned community (Kesharwani et al. 2017, p.46). This study enables the researcher to compare the utility of 2D and 3D technological devices in geometric and materialistic display of the product. In this study, researcher experienced the impact of virtual affordances in the shopping preferences of the consumers. The studies related to the Development of Virtual object in the industry focus on the interaction pattern of the consumers with the virtual objects. The concept of virtual handbag in the virtual marking strategies of the organization involves the use of different virtual objects like, web cam, TV screen, computers etc (Cisternas Vera, 2017, p.21). It helps the organization to develop user friendly strategies for their customers to provide better the shopping experiences. Personalization of Virtual technologies helps the organization to provide recommendation services to their customers. Virtual technological assistance acts as an shopping assistant for the customers. They guide customers by providing them information regarding variety of relevant products as per their choices and preferences. There are some studies which provide relevant information regarding how the relation between the consumers and virtual technologies influences the shopping experiences of the individuals by indulging them in Sensorial Enrichment (Kesharwani et al. 2017, p.46). Researcher found out the importance of auditory experiences in the shopping behavior of the consumers. Spatial Interaction implies the use of special technologies in the shopping experiences of the customers. It indicates the use of different controlling and monitoring system in the virtual marketing strategies of the organization. I- other Relations- Connected with Consumers: I-Other relation studies the influence of relations between different consumers and between the consumer and marketers in the virtual environment of the industry. Virtual technologies are useful in creating telepresence experiences in the virtual marking strategies of the organization (Deighton et al. 2017, p.137). Virtual Communication Technologies are more advanced compare to other communication techniques used by the organization. Other communication techniques used in the communication system of the organization are, text messages, email, telephone etc. Virtual communication system broadens the arena of the marketing activities of the respective organization and shopping experiences of the customers. The extensive use and availability of smart phones and internet enables the consumer to access the advanced virtual communication shopping facilities provided by the organization. Research tries to focus on the following points of this study in order to understand the marketers-consu mer and consumer-consumer relationship in the context of virtual marketing. Dissemination on virtual Communities: Virtual communities can be viewed as typical social groups with common taste in choices and preferences. Virtual communities are formed through the use of virtual media (Eli et al. 2016, p.58). Virtual communities evince collected choices of contemporary groups. Research explores the influence of these virtual communities in the marketing strategies of the organization. Trustfulness on Virtual Communities: Virtual communities share information regarding the availability and effectiveness of the products among themselves. These are helpful to increase product related awareness among the consumers (Deighton et al. 2017, p.137). Trustfulness of the virtual communities involves the issues related with online information and policies of respective organization. Social Structure of Virtual Communities: Social structure of the virtual community displays the social trust and transparency criteria of the respective virtual groups (Eli et al. 2016, p.58). The influence of social model in the virtual communication groups determines the preferences of these groups regarding the purchase of a particular product. Social Presence of Consumers in Virtual Communities: Every consumer belongs to particular society. Every society bears some particular traits of culture. Virtual communities express the cultural preferences of the respective groups in the social networking sites (Deighton et al. 2017, p.137). Researcher gets involve in some affairs of these groups to evaluate the influence of these groups in the virtual marketing strategies of the respective organization. Use of Potential Consumers, Virtual Communities as the Marketing Tools of the organization: Respective organizations use their satisfied customers and these virtual informal communities as effective marketing tools of the organization. These consumers and communities are helpful develop potential market for the products of the business organization (Eli et al. 2016, p.58). Researcher studies the effect of these communities in the virtual marketing strategies of the organization. I-World Relations- Synthesizing the concept of Virtual Shopping with the Real World Shopping: The study of I-World relation evinces the behavioral responses of the consumers regarding their virtual shopping as well as the real world shopping experiences. Researcher mainly focuses on the area where customers express their preferences in virtual shopping over real world shopping and vice versa (Panov, 2017, p.21). Tesco is providing virtual shopping experiences to their customers. They have also real world stores and customers worldwide are experiencing real world shopping through their stores. Tesco now can compare the prospects both selling and marketing strategies in the development of the organization. Consumer Perception regarding the Virtual Products in the respective Shopping Space: Virtual shopping environment helps the customers to perceive virtual imprint of the actual products. Researcher of different times and ages used to study the satisfying ways and processes of product display in the virtual shopping environment. The connection between the technological advancements and consumer preferences determines the effectiveness of virtual shopping in the contemporary industry (Irwin, 2016, p.34). Customers seem more satisfied with the 3D display of the virtual products rather than the 2D features of the online products placed in the company or retail marketing websites. 3D feature of the virtual products satisfies the selection need of the customers. Virtual Environments and Shopping Intentions: Shopping intentions come before actual shopping experiences of an individual. The marketing strategies of the respective organization concentrate on developing shopping intentions among the customers of the organizations (Panov, 2017, p.21). Researcher studies the impact of shopping intentions of the customers in increasing the importance of virtual selling strategies in the industry. Somewhere Between Bricks-and-mortar and Virtual Shopping: There is a relation between bricks and mortar shopping and virtual shopping. There are the instances of several literature concentrating on the concerned relationship. Some researcher explores the multi dimensional effect of virtual environment in the shopping experiences of the customers and the impact of such multi dimensional effects on the real world shopping experiences of the individuals (Irwin, 2016, p.34). Virtual shopping is the new idea of the business organizations and they need the support of real world shopping infrastructure in order to bring about drastic changes in the shopping practices of the industry. Conclusion: In the conclusion of this literature review, it can be said that virtual technology plays a significant part in the virtual marketing strategies of respective organization. Introduction of Virtual shopping stores by Tesco can be counted as the appropriate implementation of the change management strategies to bring about revolutionary changes in the production process of the organization. Researcher tries to meet the objectives of the study by collecting relevant information on the related topics. This study will help the organization to perceive the future development of the organization on the basis of virtual shopping strategies and environment of the organization. This study will also help the future researchers to undertake further research on the related topics. Reference Lists: Barnes, S., 2016. Understanding Virtual Reality in Marketing: Nature.Implications and Potential. Cisternas Vera, F.O., 2017. Essyas on the Impact of New Technologies on Firm-Consumer Relationships. Deighton, J., Goldenberg, J. and Stephen, A.T., 2017. Introduction to Special Issue: The Consumer in a Connected World.Journal of the Association for Consumer Research,2(2), pp.137-139. Denham, G., 2016.System and method of providing a virtual shopping experience. U.S. Patent Application 15/086,991. Eli, K., McLennan, A.K. and Schneider, T., 2016. Configuring relations of care in an online consumer protection organization.Careful Eating: Bodies, Food and Care, p.173. Griffin, T., Giberson, J., Lee, S.H.M., Guttentag, D., Kandaurova, M., Sergueeva, K. and Dimanche, F., 2017. Virtual Reality and Implications for Destination Marketing. Irwin, S.O.N., 2016.Digital Media: HumanTechnology Connection. Rowman Littlefield. Kesharwani, A., Sreeram, A. and Desai, S., 2017. Factors affecting satisfaction and loyalty in online grocery shopping: an integrated model.Journal of Indian Business Research,9(2). Kim, H.Y., Lee, J.Y., Mun, J.M. and Johnson, K.K., 2017. Consumer adoption of smart in-store technology: assessing the predictive value of attitude versus beliefs in the technology acceptance model.International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education,10(1), pp.26-36. Murahari, J. and Joshi, R., Cognizant Technology Solutions India Pvt. Ltd., 2016.System and method for creating interactive personalized virtual stores. U.S. Patent Application 15/009,281. Panov, A.I., 2017. Behavior planning of intelligent agent with sign world model.Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures,19, pp.21-31. (2017).South Korea | Tescopoly. [online] Available at: [Accessed 11 Aug. 2017]. Verhoef, P.C., Stephen, A.T., Kannan, P.K., Luo, X., Abhishek, V., Andrews, M., Bart, Y., Datta, H., Fong, N.M., Hoffman, D.L. and Hu, M., 2017. Consumer Connectivity in a Complex, Technology-Enabled, and Mobile-Oriented World with Smart Products. Wu, J., Thoreson, N., Koo, J. and Kim, A., 2017. Co-design Visual Displays in Virtual Stores: An Exploration of Consumer Experience. InManaging Complexity(pp. 459-462). Springer International Publishing.

Monday, March 23, 2020

Planning in Management Essay Example

Planning in Management Essay In this essay there is in-depth discussion about the function on planning. The importance of planning, and why it is required in every managerial activity is brought out by this essay. The nature and is effects on the other managerial functions. The various situations and problems faced if planning fails. 2. The importance of planning in the modern world: In the dynamic environment of the modern world, time is considered as money. One needs to be at the right place at the right time in order to gain maximum benefit from time. New age has brought along with it innumerable life-changing opportunities. There are many who understand the delicacy of the nature of opportunities offered by time and manage to gain their share and on the contrary, there are many who can not avail the opportunities the developing modern world has to offer merely because of an unplanned and distorted approach toward time management. World in the present age is so rich methodologically that one task can be done in a number of ways. However, in order to be successful, it is imperative that one chooses the right course of action among the variety of ways in which a task can be done. We will write a custom essay sample on Planning in Management specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Planning in Management specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Planning in Management specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Hence effective and appropriate time management is the key to success, and planning is undoubtedly the fundamental prerequisite and can be considered as the soul of time management. However, the function of planning is not complete until the goals are achieved. This paper analyzes the nature and function of planning with an emphasis on its functionality toward the achievement of the organization’s goal. 4 3. Nature and functions of planning: Planning can be defined as: â€Å"Planning is deciding in advance what to do, how to do and who is to do it. Planning bridges the gap between where we are to, where we want to go. It makes Possible things to occur which would not otherwise occur†. (Koontz O’Donell, cited in www. managementstudyguide. com, 2009). The process of planning is systematic in nature and it is imperative that the planner has a mission and a vision prior to starting the process of planning. Planning answers three basic questions fundamental to the accurate cost and time estimation involved in a project. The three questions are, â€Å"who does what? , when is it done? , and how is it done? †. All an estimator needs to know is the right answer to these three questions in order to develop a schedule on which the whole project would be based. It is a very basic function of the overall management. â€Å"Without adequate planning, the management process fails and organizational needs and objectives cannot be met†. (Marquis and Huston, 2009,p. 140). It is often said that â€Å"Well planned is half done†. (Purho, 2004). In order to analyze the functionality of a plan in the context of a project or other matters of daily life, it would be rational to have a deep insight into the nature of planning. According to (Ward and Morris, 2004), the ideal approach should be that a plan needs to be wholesome in nature in that contents should be structured in such a way that they reveal how the goals can be achieved, and it should be efficient so as to evaluate and estimate the thoughts and actions that form a part of the plan and also, a plan should be easy and foolproof with easy to remember instructions that reduce the chances of anything going false. Comparing the five 5 Functions of management namely the planning, organizing, staffing, leading and controlling, (Erven, n. d. ) refers to planning as the fundamental function of management from which the rest of the four functions offshoot. (Pride et al, 2010, p. 169) argue that planning is frequently termed As the â€Å"first† management function because it decides the course of action for all other managerial functions. Planning is unique in its nature irrespective of whether it is being conducted for some matter of daily life or a business project. It is affected by various social, political and environmental factors that are related one way or the other with the matter being planned. Same work done in different situations may require different courses of action. Likewise, every project is unique in its nature that is why it is called a project. The repetitive work is called a process instead of a project. But if some sort of planning leads a project to a stage where it cannot find any way ahead, then it means that the planning has not performed its function. It would not be rational to state that people are not aware of the importance of planning. These days, a lot of emphasis is placed upon proper planning of the project prior to the actual execution in various industries in general and in the Construction industry in particular. Analyzing the failures of the past that took place because of a lack of a preplanned approach toward the execution of the project, owners impart a lot of value and importance to adopting a rational approach toward planning their course of action for the project. A lot of corporations spend a considerable sum of their total budget just for the sake of planning their work on the project. Many companies are doing good business and making a lot of money just by offering planning services on others’ projects. In fact, with the rapid advancement in the fields of science and technology, organizations evaluate every hour that passes to analyze how much they have been justified in their approach toward the achievement of their goals in the hour that is gone. 6 This becomes necessary because planning stays as a baseline that needs to be followed throughout the life of the project. Every project runs according to a schedule and every schedule materializes the approach worked out in the phase of planning. Thus planning serves as a guideline and in order for a project to be successful, it is imperative that the same ideology is maintained throughout the life of the project as was designed in the initial stages of the project, though the plans need to be continuously modified as per the rising demands of the situations. Such a planning is referred to as Continuous planning as identified in (Cox and Veloso, n. d. , p. 1). â€Å"Continuous planning refers to the process of planning in a world under continual change. † (Cox and Veloso, n. d. ). Critiques view the concept of continuous planning as detrimental to the overall theme of a project and support the idea that same plan should be maintained throughout the duration of the project which is not quite rational. The demands and environment of a project keeps changing over time and calls for a modification in the originally designed plan in order for the plan to conform to the change that occurred in the demands. There are two basic goals of any organization when it undergoes a project. The first goal is to finish the project in time, and the second goal is to finish the project remaining within a certain cost limit so as to ensure the earning of profit. But there have been cases in the history where projects could not ensure their completion on the time stipulated in the contract documents, although the work has conformed to the schedules designed on the basis of planning. Or else, even if the managers have ensured the completion of project as per the closing date scheduled, they have not been able to make profits because of cost overruns. It so happens because of several reasons. The reasons include but are not limited to a change in the scope of the project, a change in the political environment of the area in which the project is being executed, a change in the specifications required by the client, or bad estimation of project scope and methodology on the part of the estimator in the start of the project. Irrespective of whatever the reason behind the missing of goals may be, planning should, in the first place, considering the importance of role in the project, is strong enough to estimate all potential hazards, possible reason s of delay, and a change in the political environment that a project is likely to encounter during the course of its execution. One big reason why owners fail to earn profit through the project even when the circumstances remained favourable is that the course of action chosen for that project was not right in the first place, or else, was not even modified in an attempt to make it suitable for the project. â€Å"In order for the plan to be effective, team members must have a large say in its construction. † (Freedman, 2010). However, since in the start of the project, when nothing about the project has actually materialized except for the intention of the owner to build a project, it is practically not possible to realize all potential hazards a project might come across when started, because all planning is carried out on the basis of estimation considering the case history of past projects of similar nature conducted in the same area. The functionality of planning can be looked at from another perspective besides planning in projects. Since the past few decades, realizing the importance of planning, governments in many developing countries have enforced family planning policies in order to gain a firm control over enlarging populations that appear as a threat to their respective economies. Many countries have placed a huge emphasis on family planning in order to control the rapidly growing population. â€Å"To control rapid growth in the population growth and to ensure quality of life, Family Planning, is one of Chinas basic state policies, since 1978†. (www. travelchinaguide. com, 2010). The way China planned a wholesome approach 8 toward reducing poverty has been successful and China has managed to achieve her goals as is evident from the fact that, â€Å"Since 1978, China has accelerated development and reduced its population living in absolute poverty from 250 million to 15 million, according to a new report submitted by the Chinese government†. (Deen, 2009). Hence, family planning in China is one such example where the functions of planning are completed. This shows how important role the function of planning has played in improving the economic health of China. Thus it can be rightly argued that the function of China’s approach toward planning has completed as she managed to achieve her desired goals. 4. Conclusion: Unfortunately, there have been a lot of cases in the past in which the organizations could not realize the importance of employing Continuous planning in their projects. Instead they kept stuck to the plans adopted in old projects of similar nature and suffered huge financial losses as a result of having lost their approach that they adopted toward the execution of project in the first place. Nothing in this world is useful if it is not purposeful and a planning that does not facilitate the owners in achieving their goals is meaningless and does to do justice to its role in the course of a project. But the unfortunate part of the whole argument is that since planning is one of the very initial steps in the life of a project, its effectiveness cannot be predicted with accuracy unless it proves a failure due to the losses incurred with the passage of time. However, when an organization fails to achieve its objectives and does not manage to reach the goals it had set in the beginning, there must have been flaws in the general functions of management i. e. either planning itself or the other four functions of management that are based upon the function of 9 planning i. e. organizing, staffing, leading and controlling. Basically, to plan is undoubtedly always a good approach, but there is no use planning if one does not put in all the extra effort that is required to materialize that planning. In such cases, it can be rightly argued that the functions of planning are not complete unless goals are achieved. Achievement of goals is linked with sound and sufficient work progress, which is based upon a solid course of action that surfaces as a result of planning, and the planning cannot be done without a sound knowledge of objectives and goals to be achieved. Thus, goals cannot be achieved unless they are envisioned prior to planning. 10 5. List Of References Chinese People. (2010) Retrieved from http://www. ravelchinaguide. com/faq/. Cox, M. T. and Veloso, M. M. , (n. d. ) Goal Transformations in Continuous Planning. Retrieved from http://www. cs. cmu. edu/~mmv/papers/aaai-fs98b. pdf. Deen, T. (2009). India, China Fight Poverty, Population Growth. Retrieved from http://ipsnews. net/news. asp? idnews=47652. Erven, B. L. , Planning. Retrieved from http://www. ag. ohio-state. edu/~mgtexcel/Planning. html. Freedman, T. , (2010). Managing Change: The Importance of Planning. Retrieved from http://www. ctineducation. org/home-page/2010/4/17/managing-change-the-importance-of-planning. html. Marquis, B. L. and Huston, C. J. (2009). Leadership Roles and Management Functions in Nursing: Theory and Application. US: Lippincott Williams Wilkins. 6th Edition. Planning Function of Management. (2009). Retrieved from http://www. managementstudyguide. com/planning_function. htm. Pride, W. M. , Hughes, R. J. and Kapoor, J. R. , (20 10). Business. USA: South-Western Cengage Learning. Retrieved from [Google books].

Friday, March 6, 2020

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Digital weaving Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Digital weaving - Research Paper Example cess to information and the speed in which information today spreads to the rest of the world t has further enhanced the growth and development use of digital weaving. The computerized jacquard looms as well as the thread controller no. 2 (TC2) have been in use by different designers in creating weave pieces. Lia Cook and Catherine Amidei happen to be among the few fiber designers to show case their extra-ordinary art pieces to the world and reveal the role the computers play in the world of art today. Lia Cook is amongst the greatest fiber artists of the world and widely known for her remarkable contributions to the fiber art of the world. Having been a Professor of Art in one of the United States colleges in California-California College of Arts since 1976, she has gained a lot experience and useful in the fiber art production. The beauty of her work and her true talent has touched the hearts of many. Cook uses the digital Jacquard loom to create complex; very detailed and large-scale pieces of work of photos she had previously taken or old photos from her childhood (Weiss 10). In this regard, Cook weaves an image by use of the digital jacquard loom and makes it a monumental work that distinct itself from painting, weaving, photography or even the computer technology (Weiss 10-13). When one views Cook’s work from a distance, the images that is in black and white colors is clear and one can possibly identify the image and give a face to it since it looks like a real photog raph but when one is close enough to the image; ‘nose-to-nose’, the clarity of the image disappears and one notices that it is just a weaving and not the real photograph. Recently, Cook did integrate the use of ‘fiber tracks’ in her current fiber work. This is integration of neuroscience in art. It has been branded the art-neuroscience collaboration. Over the past few years, Cook has worked closely with a number of scientists to develop a brain-scanning machine that would reveal the